The experience inside Personal Relationship – Revised questionnaire (ECR-R; Fraley ainsi que al

The experience inside Personal Relationship – Revised questionnaire (ECR-R; Fraley ainsi que al

The goal of this research is always to look at the the relationship ranging from attachment so you’re able to pet, attachment to those, loneliness and societal help, exploring dog and cat citizens as the utmost well-known animals owned given that dogs. The second hypotheses are suggested:

1. Market details such as dog owner sex and type out-of pets will influence the potency of pets-owner attachment. Furthermore, almost every other prospective important demographic parameters, such as useful reference for example way of living venue, dogs recommendations, amount of possession might be assessed.

dos.People that have high scores on dimensions of protection and you can/otherwise stress (in line with the ECR-R survey) will be more linked to their dogs.


People was 365 puppy owners (268 canine and 97 pet owners), old between 17 and 68 ages (M=twenty eight.4; SD=nine.33). One of them 330 had been ladies and you may 35 men. Out of 128 users that are owners of each other variety, the majority (N=109) decided to address all the questions about their canine, and just 19 on the pet.


, 2000) is an effective thirty-six-item thinking-statement mature connection level. ECR-Roentgen boasts several subscales: reduction and you can nervousness. The combination out of overall performance towards each other proportions represents different styles of accessory (Bartholomew Horowitz, 1991). Fraley mais aussi al. (2000) reported coefficient alphas away from .94 with the anxiety subscale and you can .95 towards the avoidance subscale predicated on an enthusiastic student take to.

The Multiple-Dimensional Assistance Size (MDSS; Winefield ainsi que al., 1992) measures the newest availability and adequacy away from societal help out-of some offer (family members, closest family unit members, and you may associates). MDSS boasts mental, basic and you will educational service. In today’s research the supply and adequacy out of personal service just of family relations and you may closest members of the family had been incorporated. A maximum of 10 so you’re able to forty activities are scored with the brand new Accessibility Scale, products are ranked with the a good cuatro-section Likert Level (1-never, 4-always). New Adequacy Size ranges out-of ten to 29 situations, in which step one indicates increased desire for societal service, 3 a lowered interest and 2 mode anyone is found into the received personal service. In the present investigation coefficients having inner surface ranged anywhere between .83 (Adequacy Level; Cronbach’s Alpha) and .87 (Availableness Scale; Cronbach’s Alpha).

The owner-animals Matchmaking Size (OPRS; Winefield mais aussi al., 2008) include facts produced by new attachment theory and you can centers around brand new user’s want to take care of distance to help you dogs with his or their perception of your own dating while the emotionally supportive and you may shared. It provides fifteen items that is ranked on the a measure regarding 1 to help you 4, apart from items no. 3 where Correct is actually scored cuatro rather than real is obtained 1. The range is actually hence fifteen-sixty. Participants whom individual more than one creature have been requested to determine solutions depending on the pets it noticed closest so you can. In the modern research the fresh coefficient to have inner texture was .85 (Cronbach’s leader).

The latest Differential Loneliness Level (DLS; Schmidt Sermat, 1983) is utilized to measure the attitude out of starvation and you can frustration that have particular social matchmaking. It is put into five scales with regards to the variety of relationship: family, love, nearest and dearest, and you may area. It includes sixty activities relating to the visibility of a love, approximation otherwise avoidance, cooperation or the level of support, admiration, and you may telecommunications. The general scale enjoys a premier Kuder-Richardson Algorithm 20 interior surface (over .89), having subscale prices a lot more than .70 (Schmidt Sermat, 1983).

Market information regarding users (sex, years, way of living venue, and matchmaking status), animals pointers, and amount of possession was basically plus placed into the aforementioned questionnaires.


Program coding language PHP and you may MYSQL databases administration options were used to have starting and you can posting the newest surveys and immediately gathering analysis within the online function, from . The chosen forms was indeed published toward numerous Slovenian internet sites discussion boards, primarily the individuals meant for animal lovers. We also contacted the brand new Feline pub Ljubljana in order to pass the brand new survey to help you its people. Totally finished surveys had been required for delivering the person’s solutions. There were no time limits.